Goals of We Engage 4 Health
Improve health and science knowledge in the community
Health and science knowledge (literacy) and community health go hand in hand. Health information can be complex and confusing to those of us who are not medical professionals. Improving health literacy helps community members read and act upon written health information, communicate needs to health professionals, and understand health instructions.
Science literacy is part of health literacy, since everything about health relates to science concepts from biology, chemistry, and environmental science.
Reduce chronic disease in communities where it occurs most
Chronic diseases are those that last over a long period of time and often cannot be cured, only managed.
Common chronic diseases include high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, heart (cardiovascular) disease, and obesity. In Cincinnati, like the rest of the United States, more low income and minority individuals have these diseases than other groups and also experience worse health outcomes from chronic diseases.
Increase citizens' involvement in their own and community's health
Improvements in health cannot happen by forcing change on citizens — it requires their active participation.
Health professionals see active patient and citizen participation as a key factor in long-lasting health and quality health care.
Active participation as patients involves people making decisions about their own health. Active participation as citizens involves examining the health challenges of the community as a whole and working to influence improvements that benefit the community.
Components of We Engage 4 Health
We Engage 4 Health will offer community programs in the Cincinnati, Ohio neighborhoods of West End, Over the Rhine, and Price Hill to involve citizens of all ages in learning about health science, identifying health challenges in their own communities, and participating in community-led research and action.
We Engage 4 Health programs are designed to foster increasing levels of activation: from participation, to contribution, and finally to ownership.
We Engage 4 Health is a collaboration of many Cincinnati area institutions and groups, including Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Miami University Center for Chemistry Education, and the Seven Hills Neighborhood House. You can learn about all the project partners here.
We Engage 4 Health is supported by the Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) Program of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) award number R25GM129808.
Relationship of We Engage 4 Health project components and level of activation
Topics in We Engage 4 Health
Project materials and experiences will center around three main topic areas:
Throughout history, people have been interested in how parents pass traits such as hair or eye color to their children. Traits are inherited from parents as DNA instructions called genes. Scientists call the study of inheritance genetics.
Some genes give a person a greater chance — a predisposition — to getting a certain disease. For example, with the same lifestyle and environment, one person might never develop asthma while another person does develop it. The person who develops the disease may have a genetic predisposition to develop asthma under certain conditions. Someone might say a certain disease “runs in the family.”
Since we cannot change the genes we inherited from our parents, if we have predispositions to certain diseases, we can only change our lifestyle and environment to help avoid developing the disease or to better controll it if we already have it.